The inexorable rise of the SUV has meant that sedans of all types have been selling in lower and lower numbers year after year. More often than not, the owner of an Infiniti Q50 https://carbuzz.com/cars/infiniti/q50 trades up to a QX50 or the new QX55 when next they buy a car. The same holds true for vehicles in other size classes, and since super-luxury SUVs are available, swopping a Lincoln Continental for an Aviator or Navigator is a logical step for many. All automakers now offer equivalent-sized SUVs in all classes as alternatives to their normal passenger cars. In fact, Ford has all but killed off its sedans, and the Fusion is the only true sedan left for sale in the USA from the brand for this year – and even that is living on borrowed time. The Blue Oval has replaced virtually all its normal cars with crossovers and SUVs.
Sedans and station wagons were once the staples of US car culture, but they have been overwhelmed by the rise in popularity of the SUV. Sedans are still popular in Europe and European automakers still make them in every size category, but in the USA, they are a threatened species in danger of extinction. Worldwide, the top-selling models of Mercedes-Benz and Volkswagen are the GLC and Tiguan, respectively, no longer the C-Class and Golf. Of all sedan derivatives, the compact sedan is still the worldwide top seller, but sedan sales, in general, continue to slip.
But the sedan is still very good at its job. To transport four people in comfort on good roads with their luggage in the trunk, the sedan is still the best way to do it. It is comfortable, safe, and roomy enough for four or five at a push, and its low profile and weight lends itself to a smooth driving experience. They certainly deliver superior gas mileage to SUVs, for the most part, and their handling and performance are generally also better in standard spec. They simply deliver more thrills for the same horsepower figure as an SUV. So, with their better MPG and all-round on-road talent, why don’t people buy them anymore? Don’t their pros outweigh their cons?
- Excellent on-road handling and smooth ride
- Good miles per gallon ratings
- Enough space and comfort for four people plus their cargo
- Size is conducive to urban roads
- Cannot go off-road
- Smaller inside than an SUV with the same footprint
- Cannot see over all the SUVs in traffic
- Does not offer variable seating configurations
- Limited towing capacity
And these cons bring us to the SUV and why the sedan has been fighting a losing battle with it.
If the sedan is the one-trick pony, then the SUV is the Swiss Army Knife of the motoring world. It can do so many things and do so many jobs that the sedan cannot. Sedans vary in size, luxury, and horsepower only. They don’t do well on rougher terrain, and only four people can travel in true comfort – adding a third passenger at the back is generally a squeeze. By comparison, the derivatives of SUVs that are available boggle the mind. The smallest models are hardly any bigger than a city hatchback and the largest ones offer up to eight seats and can traverse tough off-road trails – plus anything and everything in between. Their seats can be folded and reconfigured at will and you never have to worry about stepping off the beaten path and onto a dirt road. Here the pros by far outweigh the cons:
- It can drive on most roads and some can do serious off-road work
- It is bigger inside for the same footprint as a sedan
- Better ground clearance for driving on rough terrain and snow
- You can see farther in traffic due to the elevated seating position
- Seating can be configured almost at will
- A vast range is available in all sizes and capabilities
- It can haul heavier loads
- The trunk is much larger than a sedan’s when the seats are folded
- Heavier and more cumbersome to drive
- Worse fuel economy and performance than a sedan with the same engine
- Worse handling due to the high body
- Higher MSRP than the equivalent sedan
Many of the cons become a moot point when they are so far outweighed by the pros. Most people don’t care much for handling on tar roads and the worse economy is made up for by being able to transport more people in comfort and not requiring a second car on a trip.
Like the Swiss Army knife, there is an SUV to suit anyone’s needs. The SUV segment can be divided into three size classes.
- Compact. These compact crossover models are often 4/5-seaters the size of a small car, but higher off the ground. Seven-seater, three-row derivatives are available, but the back seat (third row) is only suitable for small children. Various drivetrains are available, with 2WD as standard and AWD often offered optionally. Examples are the Nissan Rogue, Honda CR-V, Mercedes GLB, Tesla Model Y, and Volkswagen Tiguan.
- Mid-size. Often these are five-seaters, but seven-seaters are common and can often accommodate adults in the third row at a pinch. They are also available at many power levels and with or without AWD. Often, hardcore 4WD models are available, it just depends on how much you want to pay. Examples include the BMW X5, Acura MDX, and Ford Explorer.
- Full-size. The sky is the limit and these carriages can be huge, with seating for up to eight, even, nine adults in massive bodies that sit high off the ground. Almost all are AWD or 4WD, have multi-speed automatic transmissions with as many as ten gears, and offer tons of space. The Lincoln Navigator, Mercedes-Benz GLS, and Cadillac Escalade are typical examples.
Reading all of the above, it is clear why the sedan’s days are numbered. The SUV simply has a range of abilities beyond the ambit of a normal car and is far bigger and more versatile inside for the same exterior size than the rather one-dimensional sedan. It simply sells itself after the first test drive. It’s not that the sedan is not good at what it does, it’s just that the SUV can do so much more. The things that SUVs are worse at, like handling and fuel consumption, are either not that important to people or compensated for by their amazing versatility. The sedan is likely to continue to fade from the public consciousness.